# Fifo Formula Accounting: An Overview

## Introduction

In the world of accounting, there are several methods used to calculate inventory costs. One of the most commonly used methods is the FIFO formula accounting. FIFO stands for “first in, first out” and is a method of valuing inventory based on the assumption that the first items purchased are the first items sold.

## How Does FIFO Formula Accounting Work?

Under the FIFO method, the first items purchased are assumed to be the first items sold. This means that the cost of the oldest inventory is used to calculate the cost of goods sold (COGS), while the cost of the most recent inventory is used to calculate the value of ending inventory. For example, let’s say a company purchases 100 units of product A at a cost of \$5 per unit on January 1st and another 100 units of product A at a cost of \$6 per unit on March 1st. If the company sells 150 units of product A during the year, FIFO accounting would assume that the first 100 units sold were from the January 1st purchase, valued at \$5 per unit, and the remaining 50 units sold were from the March 1st purchase, valued at \$6 per unit.

## Advantages of FIFO Formula Accounting

One of the main advantages of using the FIFO method is that it tends to result in a higher valuation of inventory during times of inflation. This is because the cost of the oldest inventory is used to calculate COGS, which is typically lower than the cost of more recent inventory. As a result, the value of ending inventory is higher under the FIFO method, which can be beneficial for companies when reporting their financial statements.

## Disadvantages of FIFO Formula Accounting

One of the main disadvantages of using the FIFO method is that it can result in higher taxes for companies during times of inflation. This is because the value of ending inventory is higher under the FIFO method, which can result in higher taxable income. In addition, the FIFO method can be more complex to track and manage than other methods, such as the LIFO method.

## Examples of FIFO Formula Accounting

Let’s take a look at some examples of how the FIFO method is used in accounting: Example 1: A company purchases 50 units of product A at a cost of \$2 per unit on January 1st and another 50 units of product A at a cost of \$3 per unit on March 1st. If the company sells 75 units of product A during the year, FIFO accounting would assume that the first 50 units sold were from the January 1st purchase, valued at \$2 per unit, and the remaining 25 units sold were from the March 1st purchase, valued at \$3 per unit. Example 2: A company purchases 100 units of product A at a cost of \$5 per unit on January 1st and another 100 units of product A at a cost of \$6 per unit on March 1st. If the company sells 150 units of product A during the year, FIFO accounting would assume that the first 100 units sold were from the January 1st purchase, valued at \$5 per unit, and the remaining 50 units sold were from the March 1st purchase, valued at \$6 per unit.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, the FIFO formula accounting is a commonly used method for valuing inventory costs. While it has its advantages and disadvantages, it can be a useful tool for companies to manage their inventory and report their financial statements. As with any accounting method, it’s important for companies to carefully consider their options and choose the method that best suits their needs.