How To Perform Technical Analysis


Technical analysis is a method of predicting the future price movements of a stock, currency, or commodity based on its past performance. It is a crucial tool for traders and investors who want to make informed decisions when buying or selling assets.

Understanding Technical Analysis

Technical analysis is based on the principle that market trends, price movements, and trading volume provide valuable insights into the behavior of traders and investors. This information can be used to identify patterns and trends and make predictions about future price movements.

The Tools of Technical Analysis

There are several tools that technical analysts use to analyze the markets. These include:

  • Charts
  • Indicators
  • Price patterns
  • Volume

Chart Types

Charts are one of the most important tools in technical analysis. There are several types of charts, including:

  • Line charts
  • Bar charts
  • Candlestick charts


Indicators are mathematical calculations based on price and/or volume data that are used to identify trends and potential turning points in the market. Some popular indicators include:

  • Moving averages
  • Relative strength index (RSI)
  • Stochastic oscillator
  • MACD

Price Patterns

Price patterns are recurring formations in the price of an asset that can provide valuable information about future price movements. Some popular price patterns include:

  • Head and shoulders
  • Double top/bottom
  • Triangles
  • Flags and pennants


Volume is the total number of shares or contracts traded during a specific time period. High volume can indicate that a trend is strong, while low volume can indicate that a trend is weak or about to reverse.

Steps to Perform Technical Analysis

Performing technical analysis involves several steps:

Step 1: Determine Your Timeframe

The first step in performing technical analysis is to determine your timeframe. Are you looking to make short-term trades or long-term investments? This will determine the type of charts and indicators you use.

Step 2: Identify the Trend

The next step is to identify the trend. Is the market trending up or down? Is it in a range-bound pattern? This will determine your trading strategy.

Step 3: Use Indicators to Confirm the Trend

Once you have identified the trend, use indicators to confirm it. This will help you determine the strength of the trend and potential turning points.

Step 4: Identify Support and Resistance Levels

Support and resistance levels are areas where the price of an asset may reverse or consolidate. Identifying these levels can help you make better trading decisions.

Step 5: Look for Price Patterns

Once you have identified support and resistance levels, look for price patterns that may indicate a potential trend reversal or continuation.

Step 6: Monitor Volume

Finally, monitor volume to confirm the strength of the trend and potential turning points.


Performing technical analysis is an essential tool for traders and investors. By using charts, indicators, price patterns, and volume, you can make informed decisions about buying and selling assets. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can become a successful technical analyst and increase your chances of making profitable trades.