What Happens When I Buy A Stock?


If you’re new to the world of investing, buying a stock may seem like a daunting task. However, the process is relatively straightforward once you understand the basics. In this article, we’ll explore what happens when you buy a stock and how it can impact your finances.

What is a Stock?

A stock, also known as a share or equity, represents a portion of ownership in a company. When you buy a stock, you’re essentially buying a small piece of the company. As a shareholder, you have the right to vote on important company decisions and may receive a portion of the profits through dividends.

How to Buy a Stock

To buy a stock, you’ll need to open a brokerage account with a reputable online broker. Once you’ve funded your account, you can search for the stock you’re interested in buying and place an order. You can choose to buy a specific number of shares or a dollar amount.

Market Orders vs. Limit Orders

When placing an order, you’ll have the option to choose between a market order and a limit order. A market order will execute immediately at the current market price, while a limit order allows you to set a specific price at which you’re willing to buy the stock.

What Happens After You Buy a Stock?

Once your order is executed, you’ll officially become a shareholder of the company. Your broker will hold the shares for you in a digital account, and you’ll be able to monitor the performance of your investment through your brokerage account.

How Stock Prices Fluctuate

The price of a stock can fluctuate based on a variety of factors, including the company’s financial performance, industry trends, and global events. It’s important to keep in mind that stock prices can be volatile and may experience significant ups and downs in the short term.

Long-Term Investing vs. Day Trading

Investors can choose to hold onto their stocks for the long term or engage in day trading, which involves buying and selling stocks on the same day. While day trading can be profitable, it’s also incredibly risky and requires a lot of skill and knowledge.

How to Monitor Your Investment

To monitor the performance of your investment, you can check your brokerage account regularly. You may also want to keep an eye on the company’s financial reports and news updates to stay informed about any changes that could impact your investment.

How to Sell Your Shares

When you’re ready to sell your shares, you can place a sell order through your brokerage account. You can choose to sell a specific number of shares or a dollar amount. Once your sell order is executed, the proceeds from the sale will be deposited into your brokerage account.

Tax Implications of Buying and Selling Stocks

Buying and selling stocks can have tax implications. When you sell a stock for a profit, you’ll be required to pay capital gains tax on the earnings. However, if you hold onto the stock for more than a year before selling, you may be eligible for a lower tax rate.

Risks of Investing in Stocks

Investing in stocks comes with inherent risks, including the possibility of losing money. It’s important to do your research and diversify your portfolio to minimize your risk. You may also want to consider working with a financial advisor to help you make informed investment decisions.

Benefits of Investing in Stocks

Despite the risks, investing in stocks can offer significant benefits. Over the long term, stocks have historically provided higher returns than other types of investments, such as bonds or savings accounts. Additionally, investing in stocks allows you to participate in the growth of the economy and support companies you believe in.


Buying a stock is a relatively simple process, but it’s important to understand the risks and potential benefits before making any investment decisions. By doing your research and working with a reputable broker, you can make informed decisions about your investment portfolio and potentially grow your wealth over time.